The Effectiveness of Vestibular Rehabilitation on Balance Related Impairments among Multiple Sclerosis Patients: A Systematic Review

Baker, Katherine and Synnott, Eoin (2020) The Effectiveness of Vestibular Rehabilitation on Balance Related Impairments among Multiple Sclerosis Patients: A Systematic Review. Journal of Multiple Sclerosis, 7 (1). pp. 1-8. ISSN 2376-0389

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Background: Balance related dysfunction remains a debilitating clinical manifestation among people with Multiple Sclerosis (pwMS) causing significant morbidity and reduced quality of life. Imbalance is found to stem primarily from neurophysiological causes. Current management strategies have shown to have small but clinically insignificant results with little consideration towards vestibular sources of postural instability. Vestibular rehabilitation (VR) provides a promising treatment strategy to mediate balance dysfunction among people with pwMS.Design: Systematic Review, guided by PRISMA guidelines and presenting a best evidence synthesis.Data sources: 10 electronic databases were searched from inception until September 2019.Eligibility criteria for study selection: Article of original research, population of patients with multiple sclerosis aged over 18, interventions detailing VR protocols, measurement of outcomes pre-VR/post-VR.Results: Seven articles satisfied the eligibility criteria. 6/7 studies were rated as high quality and regarded as level one evidence. 5 studies consisted of standardised VR protocols while 2 studies consisted of customised VR. All studies identified improvements of mixed significance in balance, fatigue and dizziness outcomes post VR. Heterogeneity among VR prescription patterns limited optimal prescription guidelines.Conclusions: The available evidence shows promise that VR is a safe and ef- fective strategy to provide short term benefits in balance related dysfunction in pwMS. Recommendations of mixed strength are made based on the quality of current literature. Current evidence for optimal prescription and long-term effects of VR is limited. Further high-level studies evaluating the effects of VR in patients with multiple sclerosis with vestibular and/or balance dysfunction are required.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Multiple sclerosis, Multiple sclerosis patients, Vestibular rehabilitation, VR protocols, PRISMA guidelines, Balance dysfunction, Stroke survivors, Neurodegenerative disorder, Neurological impairment, Central vestibular disorders
Subjects: B300 Complementary Medicine
B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 07 May 2020 12:14
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2021 18:05

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