Nanostructured Ni2SeS on Porous-Carbon Skeletons as Highly Efficient Electrocatalyst for Hydrogen Evolution in Acidic Medium

Tian, Yakun, Zhang, Yuxi, Huang, Aijian, Wen, Ming, Wu, Qingsheng, Zhao, Long, Wang, Mingkui, Shen, Yan, Wang, Zhiguo and Fu, Richard (2020) Nanostructured Ni2SeS on Porous-Carbon Skeletons as Highly Efficient Electrocatalyst for Hydrogen Evolution in Acidic Medium. Inorganic Chemistry, 59 (9). pp. 6018-6025. ISSN 0020-1669

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Nickel dichalcogenides have received extensive attention as promising noble-metal-free nanocatalysts for a hydrogen evolution reaction. Nonetheless, their catalytic performance is restricted by the sluggish reaction kinetics, limited exposed active sites, and poor conductivity. In this work, we report on an effective strategy to solve those problems by using an as-designed new porous-C/Ni2SeS nanocatalyst with the Ni2SeS nanostubs anchored on with porous-carbon skeletons process. On the basis of three advantages, as the enhancement of the intrinsic activity using the ternary sulfoselenide, increased number of exposed active sites due to the 3D hollow substrate, and increased conductivity caused by porous-carbon skeletons, the resulting porous-C/Ni2SeS requires an overpotential of only 121 mV at a current density of 10 mA cm–2 with a Tafel slope of 78 mV dec–1 for hydrogen evolution in acidic media and a good long-term stability. Density functional theory calculations also show that the Gibbs free energy of hydrogen adsorption of the Ni2SeS was −0.23 eV, which not only is close to the ideal value (0 eV) and Pt reference (−0.09 eV) but also is lower than those of NiS2 and NiSe2; large electrical states exist in the vicinity of the Fermi level, which further improves its electrocatalytic performance. This work provides new insights into the rational design of ternary dichalcogenides and hollow structure materials for practical applications in HER catalysis and energy fields.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nickel sulfoselenide, Porous nanostructure, Hydrogen Evolution Reaction, Electrocatalysis
Subjects: F100 Chemistry
F200 Materials Science
H800 Chemical, Process and Energy Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 18 May 2020 10:57
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2021 15:51

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