Understanding active school travel through the Behavioural Ecological Model

Ginja, Samuel, Arnott, Bronia, Namdeo, Anil and McColl, Elaine (2018) Understanding active school travel through the Behavioural Ecological Model. Health Psychology Review, 12 (1). pp. 58-74. ISSN 1743-7199

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/17437199.2017.1400394


Active school travel (AST) is an important source of physical activity for children and a conceptual understanding of AST is necessary to inform promotion efforts. The aim of this article is to provide a conceptual analysis of AST. All currently identified AST formulations include intra-individual variables which are often recommended as intervention targets. However, existing literature lacks clarity on precisely how these intra-individual variables might shape specific AST interventions. Moreover, evaluative studies of AST interventions typically fail to specify an underpinning theory or model. To address this limitation, the Behavioural Ecological Model (BEM), not previously addressed in AST, is presented to guide this area of research. Based on specific examples, we draw attention to the role of potential antecedents and potential reinforcers of AST, as well as potential reinforcers of motorised travel. Antecedents and reinforcers may help to explain choices of school travel mode, and to inform and increase intervention options to promote AST. Consistent with the BEM, the provision of more immediate consequences, such as fun and material prizes, is an evidence-based strategy for increasing AST which is likely to be low-cost and easier to deliver than alternative interventions. This approach to the study of AST is expected to contribute to similar analyses in this and other areas of behaviour change research, and to a more useful discussion and treatment of theoretical and conceptual behavioural models.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: antecedents and reinforcers, contingencies, models, theory, Travel behaviour
Subjects: F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
F900 Others in Physical Sciences
L700 Human and Social Geography
L900 Others in Social studies
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2020 15:10
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2021 11:32
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/43536

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