Characterization of the Immunological Response to Dermanyssus gallinae Infestation in Domestic Fowl

Harrington, David, Robinson, Karen, Guy, Jonathan and Sparagano, Olivier (2010) Characterization of the Immunological Response to Dermanyssus gallinae Infestation in Domestic Fowl. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 57 (1-2). pp. 107-110. ISSN 1865-1674

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Dermanyssus gallinae is a haematophagous ectoparasite of birds, which adversely affects both production and welfare of commercial poultry. Poultry in commercial production systems chronically exposed to D. gallinae do not appear to develop immunity to the mite. The objective of the current study was to determine the initial immune response of domestic fowl following exposure to D. gallinae. Two groups of birds (11 birds/group) had mite chambers secured to their backs. Controls received no mites, while infested birds received 200 unfed female D. gallinae on day 0 which were then removed on day 1 or 2. Spleen samples were collected on days −1, 1, 2 and 5. The expression of Th1 (IFNγ, CXCLi2, IL6 and IL18), Th2 (IL4, IL10 and IL13) cytokines/chemokines normalized against a reference gene, GAPDH, were determined by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. Although there were no significant differences between treatments, numerical trends were observed. Th2 cytokine expression was not detected in any birds on any day. IL6, CXCLi2, IFNγ and IL18 expression was increased on day 1 in the infested group, while on day 2 CXCLi2 and IFNγ were lower and IL6 and IL18 levels were similar between treatments. The IL18 expression was similar between treatments on day 5, while IL6 and IFNγ levels were increased and CXCLi2 expression was decreased in the infested group. Data suggest that D. gallinae feeding stimulates Th1 and pro-inflammatory cytokines/chemokines initially (day 1) followed by their subsequent down regulation. This study is the first report of the characterization of the immunological response of the domestic fowl to controlled numbers of D. gallinae.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dermanyssus gallinae, immunity, feeding, ectoparasite, chicken
Subjects: C100 Biology
C500 Microbiology
C700 Molecular Biology, Biophysics and Biochemistry
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Ellen Cole
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2012 16:26
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2019 18:26

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