Maximal oxygen uptake is underestimated during incremental testing in hypertensive older adults: findings from the HAEL study

Schaun, Gustavo Z., Alberton, Cristine Lima, Brizio, Maria Laura R, Santos, Lucas P., Bamman, Marcas M, Mendes, Graciele F., Silva, Mariana R., Andrade, Luana S., Alves, Leonardo, Alano de Ataides, Vinícius, Carmona, Marco Antoni, Lázaro, Rafael, Botton, Cíntia Ehlers, Umpierre, Daniel, Pinto, Stephanie and Wilhelm, Eurico N. (2021) Maximal oxygen uptake is underestimated during incremental testing in hypertensive older adults: findings from the HAEL study. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 53 (7). pp. 1452-1459. ISSN 0195-9131

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Purpose: The present cross-sectional study aimed to investigate whether a maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) verification phase (VER) could improve the accuracy of a previous graded exercise test (GXT) to assess individual VO2max in hypertensive individuals.
Methods: Thirtythree older adults with hypertension (24 women) taking part in the Hypertension Approaches in the Elderly Study (NCT03264443) were recruited. Briefly, after performing a treadmill GXT to exhaustion, participants rested for 10 min and underwent a multistage VER to confirm GXT results. Individual VO2max, respiratory exchange ratio (RER), maximal heart rate (HRmax), and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) were measured during both GXT and VER tests. Mean values were compared between bouts using paired sample t-tests and VO2max was also compared between GXT and VER on an individual basis.
Results: Testing was well tolerated by all participants. Both absolute (p=0.011) and relative (p=0.014) VO2max values were higher in VER than in GXT. RER (p<0.001) and RPE (p=0.002) were lower in VER, whereas HRmax (p=0.286) was not different between the two trials. Individual VO2max comparisons revealed that 54.6% of the participants (18/33) achieved a VO2max value that was ≥3% during VER (mean: 13.5%, range: from +3% to +22.1%, ES=0.062), whereas 87.9% (29/33) of the tests would have been validated as a maximal effort if the classic criteria were employed (i.e. VO2 plateau or at least two secondary criteria).
Conclusion: In sedentary older individuals with hypertension, GXT to exhaustion underestimated VO2max in more than half of tested participants, even when established but criticized criteria were used to confirm whether a maximal effort was attained. Employing VER after GXT is a quick approach to assist with the verification of an individual’s VO2max.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2021 12:27
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2022 03:30

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