A Quarter Century of Wind Spacecraft Discoveries

Wilson, Lynn B., Brosius, Alexandra L., Gopalswamy, Natchimuthuk, Nieves‐Chinchilla, Teresa, Szabo, Adam, Hurley, Kevin, Phan, Tai, Kasper, Justin C., Lugaz, Noé, Richardson, Ian G., Chen, Christopher H.K., Verscharen, Daniel, Wicks, Robert and TenBarge, Jason M. (2021) A Quarter Century of Wind Spacecraft Discoveries. Reviews of Geophysics, 59 (2). e2020RG000714. ISSN 8755-1209

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The Wind spacecraft, launched on November 1, 1994, is a critical element in NASA’s Heliophysics System Observatory (HSO) – a fleet of spacecraft created to understand the dynamics of the sun‐Earth system. The combination of its longevity ( > 25 years in service), its diverse complement of instrumentation, and high resolution and accurate measurements has led to it becoming the “standard candle” of solar wind measurements. Wind has over 55 selectable public data products with over ∼1100 total data variables (including OMNI data products) on SPDF/CDAWeb alone. These data have led to paradigm shifting results in studies of statistical solar wind trends, magnetic reconnection, large‐scale solar wind structures, kinetic physics, electromagnetic turbulence, the Van Allen radiation belts, coronal mass ejection topology, interplanetary and interstellar dust, the lunar wake, solar radio bursts, solar energetic particles, and extreme astrophysical phenomena such as gamma‐ray bursts. This review introduces the mission and instrument suites then discusses examples of the contributions by Wind to these scientific topics that emphasize its importance to both the fields of heliophysics and astrophysics.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: F300 Physics
F500 Astronomy
F900 Others in Physical Sciences
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2021 10:46
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2021 16:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/45811

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