EMBR-25. Genome-wide genetic and epigenetic assessment of group 4 Medulloblastoma for improved, biomarker driven, prognostication and risk-stratification

Goddard, Jack, Castle, Jemma, Southworth, Emily, Crosier, Stephen, Martin-Guerrero, Idoia, Garcia-Ariza, Miguel, Navajas, Aurora, Bourdeaut, Franck, Dufour, Christelle, Goschzik, Tobias, Pietsch, Torsten, Williamson, Dan, Bailey, Simon, Schwalbe, Ed, Clifford, Steven and Hicks, Debbie (2021) EMBR-25. Genome-wide genetic and epigenetic assessment of group 4 Medulloblastoma for improved, biomarker driven, prognostication and risk-stratification. Neuro-Oncology, 23 (Supp_1). i11-i11. ISSN 1522-8517

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1093/neuonc/noab090.043


Introduction: Medulloblastoma (MB) is the most common malignant brain tumour in children. The most frequent molecular subgroup, Group 4 (MBGrp4) accounts for ~35/40% of cases, however it has the least understood underlying biology. Clinical outcomes are heterogeneous in MBGrp4 and are not accounted for by established clinico-pathological risk factors. There is now a requirement for a comprehensive study of MBGrp4, considering established clinico-pathological features and novel molecular biomarkers to enhance risk-stratification and identify novel therapeutic targets.
Methods: A clinically-annotated, retrospective MBGrp4 discovery cohort (n = 420) was generated from UK CCLG institutions, collaborating European centres and SIOP-UKCCSG-PNET3 and HIT-SIOP-PNET4 clinical trials. Contemporary, multi-omics profiling was performed. Focal and arm level copy number aberrations (CNAs) were determined from molecular inversion probe (MIP) or DNA methylation array which additionally provided next generation non-WNT/non-SHH (Grp3/Grp4) subtype classifications. Targeted next-generation DNA sequencing was performed to overlay the mutational landscape. Survival modelling was carried out with patients >3 years old who received craniospinal irradiation.
Results: MBGrp4 subtypes were assigned to 88% of tumours with available data. Subtype VIII was strongly associated with i17q (p<0.0001). The favourable-risk cytogenetic signature (2 or 3 of; chromosome 7 gain, chromosome 8 loss and/or chromosome 11 loss) associated with both subtypes VI and VII (p<0.0001). MYCN amplifications were strongly associated with subtype V (p<0.0001) in addition to 16q loss (p<0.0001). The high-risk CNA group was enriched for mutations in genes involved in chromatin remodelling (p<0.0001). Risk factors were identified from multivariate survival modelling. Subtype and CNA groups contributed to improved risk-stratification models that outperformed current clinical schemes.
Conclusion: Comprehensive genetic and epigenetic profiling in this large retrospective cohort has improved our understanding of the molecular and clinical heterogeneity within MBGrp4. Incorporation of molecular biomarkers improved risk-stratification for MBGrp4.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cancer Research, Oncology, Clinical Neurology
Subjects: A300 Clinical Medicine
C700 Molecular Biology, Biophysics and Biochemistry
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2021 13:40
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2021 11:02
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/46417

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