Are Fish Wild?

Wyatt, Tanya, Friedman, Kim and Hutchinson, Alison (2021) Are Fish Wild? Liverpool Law Review, 42 (3). pp. 485-492. ISSN 0144-932X

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As the global biodiversity crisis continues, it is important to examine the legislative protection that is in place for species around the world. Such legislation not only includes environmental or wildlife law, but also trade law, such as the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), which gets transposed into national legislation. This commentary analyses legislative definitions of wildlife, whether or not that includes fish, which has implications for fish welfare, use of fish for food security, and biodiversity conservation when fish, or other wildlife, are excluded. Through a legislative content analysis of the 183 parties’ legislation of CITES, we explore whether fish are afforded the same protections as other species by being included in legal definitions of wildlife. We found that while a majority of CITES parties’ legislation appear to define fish as wildlife, there are a number of instances where this is unclear or not the case, and this could have significant ramifications for the welfare of non-human animals, their use, and conservation.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: This study was part of a UK Arts and Humanities Research Council Leadership Fellowship (AH/R002584/1 - May 2018 - May 2020).
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fish, Convention on international trade in endangered species of wild fauna and flora (CITES), Wildlife trade, Food security, Animal welfare
Subjects: L900 Others in Social studies
Department: Faculties > Arts, Design and Social Sciences > Social Sciences
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2021 09:46
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2021 07:41

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