Traumatic brain injury and sight loss in military and veteran populations– a review

Hussain, Syeda F., Raza, Zara, Cash, Andrew T. G., Zampieri, Thomas, Mazzoli, Robert A., Kardon, Randy H. and Gomes, Renata S. M. (2021) Traumatic brain injury and sight loss in military and veteran populations– a review. Military Medical Research, 8 (1). p. 42. ISSN 2054-9369

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War and combat exposure pose great risks to the vision system. More recently, vision related deficiencies and impairments have become common with the increased use of powerful explosive devices and the subsequent rise in incidence of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Studies have looked at the effects of injury severity, aetiology of injury and the stage at which visual problems become apparent. There was little discrepancy found between the frequencies or types of visual dysfunctions across blast and non-blast related groups, however complete sight loss appeared to occur only in those who had a blast-related injury. Generally, the more severe the injury, the greater the likelihood of specific visual disturbances occurring, and a study found total sight loss to only occur in cases with greater severity. Diagnosis of mild TBI (mTBI) is challenging. Being able to identify a potential TBI via visual symptoms may offer a new avenue for diagnosis.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: This work is supported by in-kind donation in the form of authors’ time from Blind Veterans UK, Blinded Veterans Association (U.S.), Madigan Army Medical Center, Veteran Affairs Health Care System, Iowa City Veteran Affairs Center for the Prevention and Treatment of Visual Loss and the University of Iowa.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Traumatic brain injury, Visual impairment, Military, Veteran
Subjects: B100 Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology
B500 Ophthalmics
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Nursing, Midwifery and Health
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2021 10:19
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2021 10:30

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