Sleep: Important considerations for the prevention of cardiovascular disease

Grandner, Michael A., Alfonso-Miller, Pamela, Fernandez-Mendoza, Julio, Shetty, Safal, Shenoy, Sundeep and Combs, Daniel (2016) Sleep: Important considerations for the prevention of cardiovascular disease. Current Opinion in Cardiology, 31 (5). pp. 551-565. ISSN 1531-7080

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Purpose of review Sleep plays many roles in maintenance of cardiovascular health. This review summarizes the literature across several areas of sleep and sleep disorders in relation to cardiometabolic disease risk factors. Recent findings Insufficient sleep duration is prevalent in the population and is associated with weight gain and obesity, inflammation, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and mortality. Insomnia is also highly present and represents an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, especially when accompanied by short sleep duration. Sleep apnea is a well-characterized risk factor for cardiometabolic disease and cardiovascular mortality. Other issues are relevant as well. For example, sleep disorders in pediatric populations may convey cardiovascular risks. Also, sleep may play an important role in cardiovascular health disparities. Summary Sleep and sleep disorders are implicated in cardiometabolic disease risk. This review addresses these and other issues, concluding with recommendations for research and clinical practice.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Information: Dr Grandner is supported by K23HL110216. Dr Grandner has received consulting fees from FitBit, Bayer, Nexalin, and the National Sleep Foundation, and grant support from Kemin Industries.
Uncontrolled Keywords: cardiovascular, diabetes, insomnia, sleep, sleep apnea
Subjects: B100 Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology
C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2021 09:10
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2021 09:15

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