The Scalable Plasma Ion Composition and Electron Density (SPICED) Model for Earth's Inner Magnetosphere

James, Matthew K., Yeoman, Tim K., Jones, Petra, Sandhu, Jasmine K. and Goldstein, Jerry (2021) The Scalable Plasma Ion Composition and Electron Density (SPICED) Model for Earth's Inner Magnetosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 126 (9). e2021JA029565. ISSN 2169-9380

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The plasma mass loading of the terrestrial equatorial inner magnetosphere is a key determinant of the characteristics and propagation of ULF waves. Electron number density is also an important factor for other types of waves such as chorus, hiss and EMIC waves. In this paper, we use Van Allen Probe data from September 2012 to February 2019 to create average models of electron densities and average ion mass in the plasmasphere and plasmatrough, near the Earth’s magnetic equator. These models are combined to provide an estimate of the most probable plasma mass density in the equatorial region. We then use machine learning to form a set of models which are parameterized by the SuperMAG ring current index (SMR) based on the design of the average models. The resulting set of models are capable of predicting the average ion mass, electron density and plasma mass density in the range 2 < L < 5.9 and over all MLT sectors during a range of conditions where -75 < SMR < + 27 nT.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: The work by Matthew K. James and Tim K. Yeoman is supported by STFC grant ST/H002480/1. The work by Jasmine K. Sandhu is supported by NERC grants NE/P017185/2 and NE/V002554/2. We gratefully acknowledge the SuperMAG collaborators ( authors thank the people involved in providing the EMFISIS, HOPE and EFW data.
Subjects: F500 Astronomy
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2021 13:44
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2021 16:15

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