Self-Constructed Multiple Plasmonic Hotspots on an Individual Fractal to Amplify Broadband Hot Electron Generation

Wang, Xi, Liu, Changxu, Gao, Congcong, Yao, Kaili, Masouleh, Seyed Shayan Mousavi, Berté, Rodrigo, Ren, Haoran, Menezes, Leonardo de S., Cortés, Emiliano, Bicket, Isobel C., Wang, Haiyu, Li, Ning, Zhang, Zhenglong, Li, Ming, Xie, Wei, Yu, Yifu, Fang, Yurui, Zhang, Shunping, Xu, Hongxing, Vomiero, Alberto, Liu, Yongchang, Botton, Gianluigi A., Maier, Stefan A. and Liang, Hongyan (2021) Self-Constructed Multiple Plasmonic Hotspots on an Individual Fractal to Amplify Broadband Hot Electron Generation. ACS Nano, 15 (6). pp. 10553-10564. ISSN 1936-0851

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Plasmonic nanoparticles are ideal candidates for hot-electron-assisted applications, but their narrow resonance region and limited hotspot number hindered the energy utilization of broadband solar energy. Inspired by tree branches, we designed and chemically synthesized silver fractals, which enable self-constructed hotspots and multiple plasmonic resonances, extending the broadband generation of hot electrons for better matching with the solar radiation spectrum. We directly revealed the plasmonic origin, the spatial distribution, and the decay dynamics of hot electrons on the single-particle level by using ab initio simulation, dark-field spectroscopy, pump–probe measurements, and electron energy loss spectroscopy. Our results show that fractals with acute tips and narrow gaps can support broadband resonances (400–1100 nm) and a large number of randomly distributed hotspots, which can provide unpolarized enhanced near field and promote hot electron generation. As a proof-of-concept, hot-electron-triggered dimerization of p-nitropthiophenol and hydrogen production are investigated under various irradiations, and the promoted hot electron generation on fractals was confirmed with significantly improved efficiency.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Research funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC No. 51771132)
Subjects: F300 Physics
H600 Electronic and Electrical Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2021 10:52
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2022 03:31

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