Deliberative process in sharing information with different audiences: Eye-tracking correlates

Martin-Luengo, Beatriz, Myachykov, Andriy and Shtyrov, Yury (2022) Deliberative process in sharing information with different audiences: Eye-tracking correlates. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 75 (4). pp. 730-741. ISSN 1747-0218

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Research on conversational pragmatics demonstrates how interlocutors tailor the information they share depending on the audience. Previous research showed that, in informal contexts, speakers often provide several alternative answers, whereas in formal contexts, they tend to give only a single answer; however, the psychological underpinnings of these effects remain obscure. To investigate this answer selection process, we measured participants’ eye movements in different experimentally modelled social contexts. Participants answered general knowledge questions by providing responses with either single (one) or plural (three) alternatives. Then, a formal (job interview) or informal (conversation with friends) context was presented and participants decided either to report or withdraw their responses after considering the given social context. Growth curve analysis on the eye movements indicates that the selected response option attracted more eye movements. There was a discrepancy between the answer selection likelihood and the proportion of fixations to the corresponding option—but only in the formal context. These findings support a more elaborate decision-making processes in formal contexts. They also suggest that eye movements do not necessarily accompany the options considered in the decision-making processes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This work is an output of a research project implemented as part of the Basic Research Program at the HSE University and has been carried out using HSE unique equipment (Reg. num 354937). This study used the HSE Synchronous Eye-tracking, Brain Signal Recording, and Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation System.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Conversational pragmatics, memory reporting, eye-tracking, confidence, social contexts
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2021 10:28
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2022 08:30

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