Smart Donations: Event-Driven Conditional Donations Using Smart Contracts On The Blockchain

Trotter, Ludwig, Harding, Mike, Shaw, Peter, Davies, Nigel, Elsden, Chris, Speed, Chris, Vines, John, Abadi, Aydin and Hallwright, Josh (2020) Smart Donations: Event-Driven Conditional Donations Using Smart Contracts On The Blockchain. In: OzCHI 2020: Proceedings of the 32nd Australian Computer-Human Interaction Conference (OzCHI 2020). ACM, New York, pp. 546-557. ISBN 9781450389754

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Recent work has questioned the largely unconditional nature of charitable donations and explored the value of conditional giving with contemporary donors. In this paper, we extend this work by exploring how to operationalise features of conditionality in charitable giving, situated in the context of large international non-governmental organisations (NGOs). Building on prior engagements with international aid organisations, we present design considerations and a conceptual architecture supporting real-time, conditional giving for individual and institutional donations. Our architecture leverages properties of distributed-ledger technologies (DLT) to empower donors to (i) attach conditions to their donation, (ii) store funds in a secure, decentralised escrow and (iii) automatically release funds once conditions are met. Unlike prior work that envisions radical disintermediation and the removal of intermediate NGOs using DLT, our work recognises the expertise of NGOs in tackling complex global problems and instead investigates compelling new way for charities to increase transparency and accountability by introducing dynamic pledge controls.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: Funding information: This work has been funded by the UK EPSRC project "Ox-Chain: Towards secure and trustworthy circular economies through distributed ledger technologies" (EP/N028198/1) and the UK EPSRC “PETRAS IoT Research Hub – Cybersecurity of the Internet of Things” (EP/N023234/1). We would like to thank all participants who have contributed to this research through various engagement activities. We would like to extend particular thanks to our project partners Oxfam Australia and Oxfam Great Britain. OzCHI ’20: Australian conference on human-computer interaction (HCI), (Virtual) Sydney, Australia, 2-4 Dec 2020
Uncontrolled Keywords: Blockchain, charitable giving, even-driven computing, conditionality
Subjects: G400 Computer Science
W200 Design studies
Department: Faculties > Arts, Design and Social Sciences > Design
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2021 12:52
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2021 13:00

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