Mentoring of nursing students—A comparative study of Japan and five European countries

Mikkonen, Kristina, Utsumi, Momoe, Tuomikoski, Anna‐Maria, Tomietto, Marco, Kaučič, Boris Miha, Riklikiene, Olga, Vizcaya‐Moreno, Flores, Nakaoka, Akiko, Yamakawa, Miyae, Inoue, Mitsuyo, Yayama, So, Pérez‐Cañaveras, Rosa M., Filej, Bojana and Kääriäinen, Maria (2022) Mentoring of nursing students—A comparative study of Japan and five European countries. Japan Journal of Nursing Science, 19 (2). e12461. ISSN 1742-7932

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Aims: This study aimed to explore mentoring competence in nursing student mentors during clinical practice by identifying different mentor profiles and connections between different competence areas among five European countries and Japan.
Methods: The study implemented a cross-sectional design in Finland, Italy, Lithuania, Slovenia, Spain, and Japan during 2016 and 2019. In total, 6208 mentors were invited, and 1862 participated from 58 healthcare organizations. The data were collected with a survey questionnaire by including background question items with the Mentor Competence Instrument. K-clustering and structural equation modeling were used for data analysis.
Results: Four mentor profiles, A (43%), B (30%), C (18%), and D (9%), were identified according to the seven mentoring competence areas with high statistical significance (mean >3.50) was observed among Finnish, Lithuanian, and Slovenian mentors with university education in nursing, older ages, more work experience, and previous education in mentoring. Lower competence (mean <2.49) was observed among Japanese and Italian mentors with diplomas in nursing, younger ages, less work experience, and no previous education in mentoring.

Mentoring requires motivated, highly competent mentors since mentoring is a critical aspect of nursing education. Mentoring roles should be given to nurses with higher education and mentoring training. Younger, less experienced nurses without formal mentoring training may need support from senior nurses when performing mentoring roles and could also facilitate a more balanced workload between patient care and mentoring for senior nurses.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: clinical, competence, learning environment, mentoring, nursing education, nursing students, student placement
Subjects: B700 Nursing
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Nursing, Midwifery and Health
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2021 10:40
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2022 08:00

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