Reverse osmosis and forward osmosis fouling: a comparison

Field, Robert, She, Qianhong, Siddiqui, Farrukh Arsalan and Fane, Anthony G. (2021) Reverse osmosis and forward osmosis fouling: a comparison. Discover Chemical Engineering, 1 (1). p. 6. ISSN 2730-7700

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Our previously reported exploration (Journal of Membrane Science 565 (2018) 241–253) on the differences between fouling in reverse osmosis (RO) and forward osmosis (FO), used alginate as a foulant with initial conditions that ensured that the starting fluxes were the same. That study found that for a cellulose triacetate (CTA) membrane the extent of fouling, based on the analysis of foulant resistance, was greater when the membrane was part of a FO system. Herein, using the same methodology, results for a thin film composite membrane with alginate as the foulant are presented and these confirm the same general conclusion namely that the extent of foulant accumulation in FO mode is more severe than in RO mode. Furthermore the specific fouling resistance with alginate fouling in FO is more than for RO. However examining the overall operation including cleaning as well as fouling, this study suggests that FO operation is potentially less sensitive to fouling phenomena than RO for similar feed materials. This is due to the driving force compensation coming from a changing level of ICP. Some preliminary work including that with silica particles is also reported.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: Research funded by Royal Society (APEX award) | National Research Foundation Singapore (1102-IRIS-07-01).
Uncontrolled Keywords: Forward osmosis, Reverse osmosis, Thin-film composite, Alginate, Silica particles
Subjects: H800 Chemical, Process and Energy Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 23 Dec 2021 10:02
Last Modified: 23 Dec 2021 10:15

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