Systematic review on barriers and enablers for access to diabetic retinopathy screening services in different income settings.

Piyasena, M.M.P.N., Murthy, G.V.S., Yip, J.L.Y., Gilbert, C., Zuurmond, M., Peto, T., Gordon, I., Hewage, S. and Kamalakannan, Sureshkumar (2019) Systematic review on barriers and enablers for access to diabetic retinopathy screening services in different income settings. PLoS ONE, 14 (4). ISSN 1932-6203

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BackgroundDiabetic retinopathy (DR) can lead to visual impairment and blindness if not detected and treated in time. Knowing the barriers/enablers in advance in contrasting different country income settings may accelerate development of a successful DR screening (DRS) program. This would be especially applicable in the low-income settings with the rising prevalence of DR.ObjectivesThe aim of this systematic review is to identify and contrast the barriers/enablers to DRS for different contexts using both consumers i.e., people with diabetes (PwDM) and provider perspectives and system level factors in different country income settings.MethodsWe searched MEDLINE, Embase, CENTRAL in the Cochrane Library from the databases start date to December 2018. We included the studies reported on barriers and enablers to access DRS services based at health care facilities. We categorised and synthesized themes related to the consumers (individuals), providers and the health systems (environment) as main dimensions according to the constructs of social cognitive theory, supported by the quantitative measures i.e., odds ratios as reported by each of the study authors.Main resultsWe included 77 studies primarily describing the barriers and enablers. Most of the studies were from high income settings (72.7, 56/77) and cross sectional in design (76.6, 59/77). From the perspectives of consumers, lack of knowledge, attitude, awareness and motivation were identified as major barriers. The enablers were fear of blindness, proximity of screening facility, experiences of vision loss and being concerned of eye complications. In providers’ perspectives, lack of skilled human resources, training programs, infrastructure of retinal imaging and cost of services were the main barriers. Higher odds of uptake of DRS services was observed when PwDM were provided health education (odds ratio (OR) 4.3) and having knowledge on DR (OR range 1.3–19.7).ConclusionKnowing the barriers to access DRS is a pre-requisite in development of a successful screening program. The awareness, knowledge and attitude of the consumers, availability of skilled human resources and infrastructure emerged as the major barriers to access to DRS in any income setting.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: Funding was provided by the Queen Elizabeth Diamond Jubilee Trust through the Commonwealth Eye Health Consortium - United Kingdom through a PhD student grant awarded to Dr.MMPN Piyasena.
Subjects: B800 Medical Technology
B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
L900 Others in Social studies
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Social Work, Education and Community Wellbeing
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2022 11:07
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2022 11:15

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