Hierarchical Energy Management System for Home-Energy-Hubs Considering Plug-in Electric Vehicles

Gholinejad, Hamid Reza, Adabi, Jafar and Marzband, Mousa (2022) Hierarchical Energy Management System for Home-Energy-Hubs Considering Plug-in Electric Vehicles. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 58 (5). pp. 5582-5592. ISSN 0093-9994

Hamid_Paper3_revision_1_.pdf - Accepted Version

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2022.3158352


The escalating demand on Electric Vehicles (EVs) has enhanced the necessity of adequate charging infrastructure, especially in residential areas. This paper proposes a smart charging approach for off-board Electric Vehicles (EVs) chargers in Home-Energy-Hub (HEH) applications along with DC sources such as Photovoltaic (PV) and Battery Storage (BS). The proposed method facilitates smart charging and discharging of EVs to obtain both Vehicle-to-X (V2X) and X-to-Vehicle (X2V) operations focusing on the domestic applications integrated with renewable and storage elements. Furthermore, the optimal State-of-Charge (SOC) profiles for BS and EV in the HEHs system is defined by the extended Bellman-Ford-Moor Algorithm (BFMA). This modified BFMA utilizes the forecasted data such as solar irradiation, electricity tariff, and power consumption to gain economic benefits in HEHs with respect to user and EV requirements. Moreover, the plugging time, duration and initial/final SOC are fluctuating at each connection due to the stochastic nature of EV conditions and user settings. This study presents a laboratory implementation of two-level Hierarchical Energy Management System (HEMS) for HEHs with plug-in electric vehicles. In fact, the primary level includes power converters controller, while the proposed algorithm is implemented in the secondary level. Finally, the simulation and experimental results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed analysis regarding the interaction of HEHs and power grid with EVs behavior.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: This work was supported in part by the Babol Noshirvani University of Technology under Grant BNUT/389051/1400 and in part by British Council under Grant IND/CONT/GA/18-19/22.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hierarchical energy management system, Home-energy-hub, Electric vehicle, Vehicle-to-Grid, Smart charging and discharging NOMENCLATURE Abbreviation BS Battery storage
Subjects: H600 Electronic and Electrical Engineering
H800 Chemical, Process and Energy Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2022 14:08
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2022 09:15
URI: https://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/48843

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