Disgust sensitivity relates to attitudes toward gay men and lesbian women across 31 nations

van Leeuwen, Florian, Inbar, Yoel, Petersen, Michael Bang, Aarøe, Lene, Barclay, Pat, Barlow, Fiona Kate, de Barra, Mícheál, Becker, D. Vaughn, Borovoi, Leah, Choi, Jongan, Consedine, Nathan S., Conway, Jane Rebecca, Conway, Paul, Adoric, Vera Cubela, Demirci, Ekin, Fernández, Ana María, Ferreira, Diogo Conque Seco, Ishii, Keiko, Jakšić, Ivana, Ji, Tingting, Jonaityte, Inga, Lewis, David M. G., Li, Norman P., McIntyre, Jason C., Mukherjee, Sumitava, Park, Justin H., Pawlowski, Boguslaw, Pizarro, David, Prokop, Pavol, Prodromitis, Gerasimos, Rantala, Markus J., Reynolds, Lisa M., Sandin, Bonifacio, Sevi, Barış, Srinivasan, Narayanan, Tewari, Shruti, Yong, Jose, Žeželj, Iris and Tybur, Joshua M. (2022) Disgust sensitivity relates to attitudes toward gay men and lesbian women across 31 nations. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations. p. 136843022110671. ISSN 1368-4302 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1177/13684302211067151


Previous work has reported a relation between pathogen-avoidance motivations and prejudice toward various social groups, including gay men and lesbian women. It is currently unknown whether this association is present across cultures, or specific to North America. Analyses of survey data from adult heterosexuals ( N = 11,200) from 31 countries showed a small relation between pathogen disgust sensitivity (an individual-difference measure of pathogen-avoidance motivations) and measures of antigay attitudes. Analyses also showed that pathogen disgust sensitivity relates not only to antipathy toward gay men and lesbians, but also to negativity toward other groups, in particular those associated with violations of traditional sexual norms (e.g., prostitutes). These results suggest that the association between pathogen-avoidance motivations and antigay attitudes is relatively stable across cultures and is a manifestation of a more general relation between pathogen-avoidance motivations and prejudice towards groups associated with sexual norm violations.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: J.R.C. acknowledges funding from the French National Research Agency (ANR) under Grant ANR-17-EURE-0010 (Investissements d’Avenir program). J.M.T. was supported by Horizon 2020 European Research Council Grant StG-2015 680002-HBIS.
Uncontrolled Keywords: disgust sensitivity, emotion, pathogens, prejudice, sex
Subjects: C800 Psychology
L900 Others in Social studies
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2022 07:32
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2022 08:01
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/48891

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