High-resolution bathymetry models for the Lena Delta and Kolyma Gulf coastal zones

Fuchs, Matthias, Palmtag, Juri, Juhls, Bennet, Overduin, Paul P., Grosse, Guido, Abdelwahab, Ahmed, Bedington, Michael, Ogneva, Olga, Sanders, Tina, Fedorova, Irina V., Zimov, Nikita S., Mann, Paul and Strauss, Jens (2022) High-resolution bathymetry models for the Lena Delta and Kolyma Gulf coastal zones. Earth System Science Data, 14 (5). pp. 2279-2301. ISSN 1866-3508

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-14-2279-2022


Arctic river deltas and deltaic near-shore zones represent important land–ocean transition zones influencing sediment dynamics and nutrient fluxes from permafrost-affected terrestrial ecosystems into the coastal Arctic Ocean. To accurately model fluvial carbon and freshwater export from rapidly changing river catchments as well as assess impacts of future change on the Arctic shelf and coastal ecosystems, we need to understand the sea floor characteristics and topographic variety of the coastal zones. To date, digital bathymetrical data from the poorly accessible, shallow, and large areas of the eastern Siberian Arctic shelves are sparse. We have digitized bathymetrical information for nearly 75 000 locations from large-scale (1:25 000–1:500 000) current and historical nautical maps of the Lena Delta and the Kolyma Gulf region in northeastern Siberia. We present the first detailed and seamless digital models of coastal zone bathymetry for both delta and gulf regions in 50 and 200 m spatial resolution. We validated the resulting bathymetry layers using a combination of our own water depth measurements and a collection of available depth measurements, which showed a strong correlation (r>0.9). Our bathymetrical models will serve as an input for a high-resolution coupled hydrodynamic–ecosystem model to better quantify fluvial and coastal carbon fluxes to the Arctic Ocean, but they may be useful for a range of other studies related to Arctic delta and near-shore dynamics such as modeling of submarine permafrost, near-shore sea ice, or shelf sediment transport. The new digital high-resolution bathymetry products are available on the PANGAEA data set repository for the Lena Delta (https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.934045; Fuchs et al., 2021a) and Kolyma Gulf region (https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.934049; Fuchs et al., 2021b), respectively. Likewise, the depth validation data are available on PANGAEA as well (https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.933187; Fuchs et al., 2021c).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: This research has been supported by the Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (grant no. 03F0806A) and the Natural Environment Research Council (grant no. NE/R012806/1) as part of the Changing Arctic Ocean (CAO) CACOON project.
Subjects: F700 Ocean Sciences
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2022 10:30
Last Modified: 16 May 2022 14:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/48951

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