Reducing Construction Dust Pollution by Planning Construction Site Layout

Tao, Guowu, Feng, Jingchun, Feng, Haibo, Feng, Hui and Zhang, Ke (2022) Reducing Construction Dust Pollution by Planning Construction Site Layout. Buildings, 12 (5). p. 531. ISSN 2075-5309

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Many construction activities generate fine particles and severely threaten the physical health of construction workers. Although many dust control measures are implemented in the industry, the occupational health risks still exist. In order to improve the occupational health level, this study proposes a new method of reducing the construction dust pollution through a reasonable site layout plan. This method is based on the field measurement and dust diffusion law. The dust diffusion law can be fitted based on the field monitoring data. With diffusion law, the average dust concentration exposed to workers of different site layouts can be simulated. In addition, the cost of the dust control method is a concern for site managers. Therefore, the total transportation cost reduction is another optimization objective. Finally, the multi-objective particle swarm optimization (MOPSO) algorithm is used to search for an optimized site layout that can reduce dust pollution and transportation cost simultaneously. The result shows that average dust concentration exposed to workers and total transportation cost are significantly reduced by 60.62 and 44.3, respectively. This paper quantifies the construction dust pollution and provides site managers with a practical solution to reduce the construction dust pollution at low cost.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: This research was funded by National Social Science Fund of China, grant number 17BGL156; Science and technology project plan of the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the P.R.C., grant number 2018-K8-23.
Uncontrolled Keywords: construction dust; construction site layout planning (CSLP); occupational health; MOPSO; BIM
Subjects: K200 Building
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2022 11:02
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2022 11:15

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