Comparing Transnational Legal Orders: Criminalisation, Labour Law and Forced Labour

Fouladvand, Shahrzad and Ward, Tony (2022) Comparing Transnational Legal Orders: Criminalisation, Labour Law and Forced Labour. Journal of International and Comparative Law, 9 (1). pp. 25-50. ISSN 2313-3775

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Two transnational legal regimes aim to counter some of the most severe forms of labour exploitation: one centred on the Palermo Protocol that supplements the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) and the other centred on the International Labour Organization (ILO) Conventions. This article focuses on the relationship between transnational criminal law (TCL) and transnational labour law (TLL) and their effectiveness in tackling labour exploitation. Criminalisation and labour regulation have been seen as competing “paradigms” in tackling human trafficking and modern slavery. TCL has been effective in diffusing criminal law norms around the world, but the modest number of resulting prosecutions can do little to tackle the huge global market in forced or severely exploited labour. TLL, with its more decentralised and pluralistic structure, offers greater hope of achieving some alleviation of labour exploitation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, forced labour, human trafficking, International Labour Organization (ILO), Palermo Protocol, transnational labour law, modern slavery
Subjects: M200 Law by Topic
Department: Faculties > Business and Law > Northumbria Law School
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2022 14:32
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2023 03:30

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