Type of Findings Generated by the Occupational Therapy Workforce Research Worldwide: Scoping Review and Content Analysis

Jesus, Tiago S., Mani, Karthik, von Zweck, Claudia, Kamalakannan, Sureshkumar, Bhattacharjya, Sutanuka, Ledgerd, Ritchard and World Federation of Occupational Therapists, (2022) Type of Findings Generated by the Occupational Therapy Workforce Research Worldwide: Scoping Review and Content Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (9). e5307. ISSN 1660-4601

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095307


Occupational therapists are needed to meet the health and occupational needs of the global population, but we know little about the type of findings generated by occupational therapy workforce research conducted worldwide. We aim to synthesize these findings and their range of content to inform future investigations. A scoping review with content analysis was used. Six scientific databases, websites of official institutions, snowballing, and key informants were used for searches. Two independent reviewers took selection decisions against the eligibility criteria published a priori in the review protocol. Of the 1246 unique references detected, 57 papers were included for the last 25 years. A total of 18 papers addressed issues of attractiveness and retention, often in Australia, and 14 addressed the issues of supply, demand, and distribution, often in the US. Only these two categories generated subtopics. Many workforce issues were rarely addressed as a main topic (e.g., race/ethnic representation). Cross-national, cross-regional, or cross-professional studies generated more actionable findings. Overall, we found few discernable trends, minimal evidence of research programs, and various gaps in content coverage or in the use of contemporary research approaches. There is a need for a coordinated strengthening of the occupational therapy workforce research worldwide.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: Tiago Jesus, completed this work under a grant from the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR grant number: 90ARHF0003).
Uncontrolled Keywords: health workforce, health personnel, human resources for health, occupational therapists, rehabilitation, review
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
L900 Others in Social studies
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Social Work, Education and Community Wellbeing
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2022 08:22
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2022 08:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/48996

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