The effect of virtual reality on executive function in older adults with mild cognitive impairment: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Yu, Dan, Li, Xun and Lai, Frank (2022) The effect of virtual reality on executive function in older adults with mild cognitive impairment: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Aging & Mental Health. ISSN 1360-7863 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2022.2076202

Abstract

Objectives
This review aimed to summarize the currently available premium evidence to determine the effect of virtual reality (VR) on executive function (EF) in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and to detect what level of immersive VR would be the most beneficial.

Method
Five electronic databases, namely, PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library were searched. Our research team screened the studies and extracted data according to our inclusion criteria. The methodological quality of each study was rated using the PEDro scale. When three or more studies reported the same outcome, a meta-analysis was conducted using Review Manager 5.4.1.

Results
Finally, 14 randomized controlled trials with a total of 518 participants were included. VR training had an overall positive effect on cognitive flexibility, global cognitive function, attention, and short-term memory compared to the control groups. Additionally, semi-immersive VR was more effective in improving cognitive flexibility compared to the other two types of VR. The application of non-immersive level of VR had a significant effect on global cognitive function, attention, short-term memory, and cognitive flexibility.

Conclusion
VR may be effective in improving EF in older adults with MCI. However, the level of immersive VR that would be the most beneficial on EF still needs to be investigated with a greater number of well-designed studies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cognitive functioning, mild cognitive impairment, executive function, Virtual reality
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
G900 Others in Mathematical and Computing Sciences
L900 Others in Social studies
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Social Work, Education and Community Wellbeing
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 12 May 2022 11:16
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2022 09:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/49102

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