The effects of COVID-19 stay-at-home orders on physical activity of people with obesity

Prado, Wagner Luiz do, Lofrano-Prado, Mara Cristina, Christofaro, Diego Giulliano Destro, Santana, Carla Caroliny de Almeida, Cucato, Gabriel, Jackson, Matthew, Shumate, Grace, Shumate, Sarah, Correia, Marilia de Almeida, Botero, João Paulo and Ritti-Dias, Raphael Mendes (2022) The effects of COVID-19 stay-at-home orders on physical activity of people with obesity. Einstein (São Paulo), 20. eAO6727. ISSN 1679-4508

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To verify the association of changes on physical activity levels during coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak of individuals with normal weight and overweight/obesity, and the influence of sex in this relationship.

This cross-sectional study (survey research) was conducted in Brazil between May 5 and May 17, 2020. Participants (n=1,828 / 1,062 women >18 years) were invited through social media to answer a structured questionnaire via Google Forms. The online assessment included self-reported responses to questions on physical activity, overall health, weight, and height. Binary logistic regression analyzed the relationship between overweight/obesity (body mass index ≥25kg/m2), the impact of COVID-19 on physical activity level, and the influence of sex.

Compared to normal weight people, those with overweight/obesity practice less moderate to vigorous physical activity (p<0.001). There were associations between women and men with overweight/obesity and the impact of COVID-19 on the physical activity practice compared to normal weight people, adjusted by age, education level, social isolation, and previous physical activity level (p<0.017).

The study found an association of weight and changes in physical activity levels. Individuals with overweight/obesity were more likely to have a lower physical activity level during COVID-19 pandemic, regardless of sex.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans, Exercise, Male, Obesity - epidemiology, COVID-19, Female, Overweight - epidemiology, Pandemics, Cross-Sectional Studies
Subjects: A900 Others in Medicine and Dentistry
B800 Medical Technology
L900 Others in Social studies
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 13 May 2022 12:59
Last Modified: 13 May 2022 13:00

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