A tale of shifting relations: East Asian summer and winter monsoon variability during the Holocene

Kaboth-Bahr, Stefanie, Bahr, André, Zeeden, Christian, Yamoah, Kweku A., Lone, Mahjoor, Chuang, Chih-Kai, Löwemark, Ludvig and Wei, Kuo-Yen (2021) A tale of shifting relations: East Asian summer and winter monsoon variability during the Holocene. Scientific Reports, 11 (1). p. 6938. ISSN 2045-2322

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Understanding the dynamics between the East Asian summer (EASM) and winter monsoon (EAWM) is needed to predict their variability under future global warming scenarios. Here, we investigate the relationship between EASM and EAWM as well as the mechanisms driving their variability during the last 10,000 years by stacking marine and terrestrial (non-speleothem) proxy records from the East Asian realm. This provides a regional and proxy independent signal for both monsoonal systems. The respective signal was subsequently analysed using a linear regression model. We find that the phase relationship between EASM and EAWM is not time-constant and significantly depends on orbital configuration changes. In addition, changes in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning circulation, Arctic sea-ice coverage, El Niño-Southern Oscillation and Sun Spot numbers contributed to millennial scale changes in the EASM and EAWM during the Holocene. We also argue that the bulk signal of monsoonal activity captured by the stacked non-speleothem proxy records supports the previously argued bias of speleothem climatic archives to moisture source changes and/or seasonality.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
F900 Others in Physical Sciences
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2022 14:45
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2022 14:45
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/49494

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