Performance fatigability and recovery after dynamic multi-joint maximal exercise in elbow flexors versus knee extensors

Colosio, Marta, Rasica, Letizia, Baldassarre, Giovanni, Temesi, John, Vernillo, Gianluca, Marzorati, Mauro and Porcelli, Simone (2022) Performance fatigability and recovery after dynamic multi-joint maximal exercise in elbow flexors versus knee extensors. American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 323 (3). R300-R309. ISSN 0363-6119

ajpregu.00173.2021.pdf - Accepted Version
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Elbow flexors (EF) and knee extensors (KE) have shown differences in performance fatigability and recovery of neuromuscular function after isometric and isotonic single-joint fatiguing contractions. However, dynamic multi-joint movements are more representative of real-world activities. The aim of the study was to assess central and peripheral mechanisms of fatigability after either arm-cranking or cycling. Ten physically-active men performed maximal incremental arm-cranking and cycling until task-failure. Maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) and electrically-evoked forces of both EF and KE were assessed before (PRE) and 1 (POST) and 20 (POST20) min after exercise. At POST, MVIC decreased similarly to 76 ± 8% and 81 ± 7% (both P < 0.001) of PRE for EF and KE, respectively. MVIC force remained lower than PRE at POST20 for both EF and KE (85 ± 8% vs. 95 ± 3% of PRE, P ≤ 0.033), having recovered less in EF than KE (P = 0.003). Electrically-evoked forces decreased similarly from PRE to POST in EF and KE (all P > 0.05). At POST20, the ratio of low-to-high frequency doublets was lowerin EF than KE (75 ± 13% vs. 85 ± 10% of PRE; P ≤ 0.034). Dynamic maximal incremental exercise acutely induced similar magnitudes of MVIC and evoked forces loss in EF and KE. However, at POST20, impaired MVIC recovery and lower ratio of low-to-high frequency doublets in EF compared to KE suggests the recovery of neuromuscular function after dynamic maximal exercises is specific to and dependent on changes within the muscles investigated.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: This research was partially supported by an intramural grant from the Università degli Studi di Milano (#PSR2019_VERNILLO) to GV.
Uncontrolled Keywords: arm cranking, cycling, incremental maximal exercise, fatigue, recovery
Subjects: B100 Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology
C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2022 11:01
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2022 13:00

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