Identification of four novel QTL linked to the metabolic syndrome in the Berlin Fat Mouse

Delpero, Manuel, Arends, Danny, Sprechert, Maximilian, Krause, Florian, Kluth, Oliver, Schürmann, Annette, Brockmann, Gudrun A. and Hesse, Deike (2022) Identification of four novel QTL linked to the metabolic syndrome in the Berlin Fat Mouse. International Journal of Obesity, 46 (2). pp. 307-315. ISSN 0307-0565

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Background: The Berlin Fat Mouse Inbred line (BFMI) is a model for obesity and the metabolic syndrome. This study aimed to identify genetic variants associated with impaired glucose metabolism using the obese lines BFMI861-S1 and BFMI861-S2, which are genetically closely related, but differ in several traits. BFMI861-S1 is insulin resistant and stores ectopic fat in the liver, whereas BFMI861-S2 is insulin sensitive.

Methods: In generation 10, 397 males of an advanced intercross line (AIL) BFMI861-S1 × BFMI861-S2 were challenged with a high-fat, high-carbohydrate diet and phenotyped over 25 weeks. QTL-analysis was performed after selective genotyping of 200 mice using the GigaMUGA Genotyping Array. Additional 197 males were genotyped for 7 top SNPs in QTL regions. For the prioritization of positional candidate genes whole genome sequencing and gene expression data of the parental lines were used.

Results: Overlapping QTL for gonadal adipose tissue weight and blood glucose concentration were detected on chromosome (Chr) 3 (95.8–100.1 Mb), and for gonadal adipose tissue weight, liver weight, and blood glucose concentration on Chr 17 (9.5–26.1 Mb). Causal modeling suggested for Chr 3-QTL direct effects on adipose tissue weight, but indirect effects on blood glucose concentration. Direct effects on adipose tissue weight, liver weight, and blood glucose concentration were suggested for Chr 17-QTL. Prioritized positional candidate genes for the identified QTL were Notch2 and Fmo5 (Chr 3) and Plg and Acat2 (Chr 17). Two additional QTL were detected for gonadal adipose tissue weight on Chr 15 (67.9–74.6 Mb) and for body weight on Chr 16 (3.9–21.4 Mb).

Conclusions: QTL mapping together with a detailed prioritization approach allowed us to identify candidate genes associated with traits of the metabolic syndrome. In addition, we provided evidence for direct and indirect genetic effects on blood glucose concentration in the insulin-resistant mouse line BFMI861-S1.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Information: The project was funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, HE8165/1-1). We thank Marion Bütow, Ulf Kiessling, and Ines Walter for assistance in animal care. We also thank Anett Helms and Franziska Gabler for pancreatic islet isolation and RNA extraction.
Subjects: C700 Molecular Biology, Biophysics and Biochemistry
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2022 14:46
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2022 15:00

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