Short Report: Exploring the extent to which Intellectual Disability is undiagnosed within children attending developmental paediatric clinics

Delahuntly, Lauren, O'Hare, Anne, Marryat, Louise, Stewart, Tracy M., McKenzie, Karen, Murray, George and Kaza, Nandita (2022) Short Report: Exploring the extent to which Intellectual Disability is undiagnosed within children attending developmental paediatric clinics. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 131. p. 104359. ISSN 0891-4222

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2022.104359

Abstract

Intellectual Disability is under-ascertained worldwide and is associated with greater physical and mental health difficulties. This research aimed to identify clinical features and characteristics of children with Intellectual Disability in a population of 126 6–18 year olds in mainstream school, attending paediatric developmental clinics. Intellectual Disability was defined according to the DSM-5 (deficits in intellectual and adaptive functioning, present during childhood). Measures used to assess this were WISC-IV IQ (score <70) and ABAS adaptive behaviour (score =<70). Clinical features were compared from a structured clinical records investigation and logistic regression explored which factors were associated with Intellectual Disability. Twenty-eight children (22%) met the criteria for Intellectual Disability. Five variables were associated with higher odds of having Intellectual Disability: no other neurodevelopmental diagnosis, multiple other health problems, prior genetic testing, maternal smoking during pregnancy, and parental unemployment. Routinely-collected paediatric data only predicted Intellectual Disability correctly in two out of five cases. Further research is needed to verify these findings and improve identification.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: The original study data collection was funded through the Edinburgh and Lothians Health Foundation Trust. Grant Number: 448‐122. Salary funding for the current study was funded through the Salvesen Mindroom Research Centre.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Intellectual Disability, late diagnosis, developmental surveillance
Subjects: A100 Pre-clinical Medicine
C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2022 10:37
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2022 08:01
URI: https://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/50283

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