Modelling and Synchronisation of Delayed Packet-Coupled Oscillators in Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks

Zong, Yan, Dai, Xuewu, Canyelles-Pericas, Pep, Busawon, Krishna, Binns, Richard and Gao, Zhiwei (2020) Modelling and Synchronisation of Delayed Packet-Coupled Oscillators in Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks. IFAC-PapersOnLine, 53 (2). pp. 8283-8289. ISSN 2405-8963

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In this paper, a Packet-Coupled Oscillators (PkCOs) synchronisation protocol is proposed for time-sensitive Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) based on Pulse-Coupled Oscillators (PCO) in mathematical biology. The effects of delays on synchronisation performance are studied through mathematical modelling and analysis of packet exchange and processing delays. The delay compensation strategy (i.e., feedforward control) is utilised to cancel delays effectively. A simple scheduling function is provided with PkCOs to allocate the packet transmission event to a specified time slot, by configuring reference input of the system to a non-zero value, in order to minimise the possibility of packet collision in synchronised wireless networks. The rigorous theoretical proofs are provided to validate the convergence and stability of the proposed synchronisation scheme. Finally, the simulations and experiments examine the effectiveness of PkCOs with delay compensation and scheduling strategies. The experimental results also show that the proposed PkCOs algorithm can achieve synchronisation with the precision of 26.3µs (1 tick).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Time Synchronisation, Packet-Coupled Oscillators, Mathematical Modelling, Delay, Pulse-Coupled Oscillators, Wireless Sensor Networks, Internet of Things
Subjects: G100 Mathematics
H300 Mechanical Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2022 08:09
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2022 08:15

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