Integration strategies and models to support transition and adaptation of culturally and linguistically diverse nursing staff into healthcare environments- an umbrella review

Kamau, Suleiman, Koskenranta, Miro, Kuivila, Heli, Oikarainen, Ashlee, Tomietto, Marco, Juntunen, Jonna, Tuomikoski, Anna-Maria and Mikkonen, Kristina (2022) Integration strategies and models to support transition and adaptation of culturally and linguistically diverse nursing staff into healthcare environments- an umbrella review. International Journal of Nursing Studies. p. 104377. ISSN 0020-7489 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2022.104377

Abstract

Aims
The aim of this umbrella review was to establish recent evidence on integration strategies and models to support transition and adaptation of culturally and linguistically diverse nursing staff into healthcare environments.

Design
Umbrella review conducted according to joanna briggs institute guidelines.

Data sources
Data were collected from CINAHL, PubMed, Medic, ProQuest and Scopus electronic databases in 2021.

Review Methods
Two researchers simultaneously screened studies' eligibility by title, abstract and full text. Quality appraisal for the selected studies was assessed according to joanna briggs institute critical appraisal. Data were synthesized by conducting content analysis.

Results
Twenty-seven reviews were included in the final synthesis. Strategies and models for supporting the transition and adaptation of culturally and linguistically diverse nursing staff into healthcare environments were structured as intra-organizational, sociocultural, and professional development. Intra-organizational strategies and models were unique to a particular organization and included policies and support, diversity, collegial and peer support, employee treatment and workplace environment. Sociocultural strategies and models addressed social, cultural and group dynamics using cultural training, learning and support, social support and friendships, language and communication, and personal skills development. Professional development enhanced nursing competence, ability to practice and workplace professional development. This was supported through licensure and orientation to work, career and competence development, and workplace mentorship and preceptorship.

Conclusion
There is a need to understand culturally and linguistically diverse nurses' needs and motivation to integrate, which is essential toward developing efficient integrational strategies and models. Strategies and models also need to support cultural and personal competence development of native nurses to aid efficient integration of culturally and linguistically diverse colleagues. Future studies can evaluate nursing workforce shortages and their implications on integration process.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: culturally and linguistically diverse,nurse, integration, umbrella review, strategy, model, nursing workforce, content analysis, adaptation, transition
Subjects: B700 Nursing
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Nursing, Midwifery and Health
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2022 13:09
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2022 13:15
URI: https://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/50372

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