Effects of pre-meal whey protein consumption on acute food intake and energy balance over a 48-hour period

King, David, Peart, Daniel, Broom, David and Tew, Garry (2022) Effects of pre-meal whey protein consumption on acute food intake and energy balance over a 48-hour period. Journal of Functional Foods, 99. p. 105308. ISSN 1756-4646

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jff.2022.105308

Abstract

The effects of pre-meal whey protein consumption on acute food intake and subsequent energy balance measured over 48-h was investigated in males of healthy-weight (HW) or living with overweight and obesity (OV/OB). On two separate trial days, following a controlled breakfast (09:00) and lunch (13:00), 12 HW and 12 OV/OB males consumed either whey protein (20 g) or flavoured water beverages (16:40), and ad libitum test meal (17:00). A controlled 48-h assessment of energy intake and expenditure was used to determine any compensatory behaviour. Test meal energy intake reduced 15.9 % in HW (P = 0.003), and 17.8 % in OV/OB (P = 0.005) following whey protein, compared to placebo. We report no between-group differences and no changes in compensatory behaviour. A small dose of whey protein reduces energy intake at the next meal, without upregulating compensatory behaviours in both HW and OV/OB males. However, chronic effects on body composition and weight loss remain to be elucidated.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Appetite, Energy balance, Obesity, Whey protein
Subjects: B400 Nutrition
C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2022 10:39
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2022 16:15
URI: https://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/50479

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