Subglacial hydrology modulates basal sliding response of the Antarctic ice sheet to climate forcing

Kazmierczak, Elise, Sun, Sainan, Coulon, Violaine and Pattyn, Frank (2022) Subglacial hydrology modulates basal sliding response of the Antarctic ice sheet to climate forcing. The Cryosphere, 16 (10). pp. 4537-4552. ISSN 1994-0424

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Major uncertainties in the response of ice sheets to environmental forcing are due to subglacial processes. These processes pertain to the type of sliding or friction law as well as the spatial and temporal evolution of the effective pressure at the base of ice sheets. We evaluate the classic Weertman–Budd sliding law for different power exponents (viscous to near plastic) and for different representations of effective pressure at the base of the ice sheet, commonly used for hard and soft beds. The sensitivity of the above slip laws is evaluated for the Antarctic ice sheet in two types of experiments: (i) the ABUMIP experiments in which ice shelves are instantaneously removed, leading to rapid grounding-line retreat and ice sheet collapse, and (ii) the ISMIP6 experiments with realistic ocean and atmosphere forcings for different Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) scenarios. Results confirm earlier work that the power in the sliding law is the most determining factor in the sensitivity of the ice sheet to climatic forcing, where a higher power in the sliding law leads to increased mass loss for a given forcing. Here we show that spatial and temporal changes in water pressure or water flux at the base modulate basal sliding for a given power, especially for high-end scenarios, such as ABUMIP. In particular, subglacial models depending on subglacial water pressure decrease effective pressure significantly near the grounding line, leading to an increased sensitivity to climatic forcing for a given power in the sliding law. This dependency is, however, less clear under realistic forcing scenarios (ISMIP6).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: This research has been supported by a scholarship of the Université libre de Bruxelles and partly by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement no. 869304.
Subjects: F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2022 09:33
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2022 09:45

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