A Wireless Transient Attenuated-exponential Overpressure Beamforming with for Far-field Blast Source Localization

Gao, Shang, Zhang, Zirui, Zong, Yan, Tian, Guiyun, Dai, Xuewu, Zhong, Yongteng and Jin, Xin (2022) A Wireless Transient Attenuated-exponential Overpressure Beamforming with for Far-field Blast Source Localization. IEEE Sensors Journal. ISSN 1530-437X (In Press)

A_Wireless_Transient_Attenuated-exponential_Overpressure_Beamforming_with_for_Far-field_Blast_Source_Localization.pdf - Accepted Version

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/JSEN.2022.3187762


Time-domain beamforming is more suitable for blast wave transient signal than frequency-domain beamformer because wide-band spectrum of noise makes the beamforming image less clear. To avoid the gust effects and enable the location of blast source accurately, this paper proposes a new one-dimensional Far-field delay-and-sum (DAS) beamforming method with an attenuate exponential function model for wireless overpressure transient signal. In addition, we also design wireless overpressure peak and root-mean-square (RMS) directional estimators to assess the performance of the proposed new DAS beamforming method. Furthermore, the effects of the wireless pressure sensor node (WPSL) spacing, the number of WPSLs and side lobe level brought from noise on the beam width are investigated in the two estimators. The proposed formula is verified by a uniformly spaced linear sensing array, and the results verify the feasibility of the proposed method in blast source localization. This paper is conducted to provide new insight into blast source localization algorithm, and further open a door for transient blast overpressure source localization scenarios in future.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant Number: 309181A8804 and 30919011263) Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province, China (Grant Number: BK20190464) Jiangsu Planned Projects for Postdoctoral Research Funds (Grant Number: 1003-YBA20012) Chinese Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant Number: 2020M671481)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Array signal processing, Blast wave, Delay-and-sum, Estimation, Location awareness, Overpressure, Sensors, Signal to noise ratio, Source localization, Time Beamforming, Time-domain analysis, Transient analysis, WSN
Subjects: H600 Electronic and Electrical Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2022 13:41
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2022 13:45
URI: https://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/50511

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