Gender differences and mask wearing: an observational study on a University campus and a mini-meta-analysis

Bainbridge, Sophie, Allsop, Sarah and Pollet, Thomas (2022) Gender differences and mask wearing: an observational study on a University campus and a mini-meta-analysis. Human Ethology. ISSN 2224-4476 (In Press)

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Abstract

Research informed by evolutionary theory has suggested that, all else being equal, men are expected to take greater risks than women. This has been evidenced in a range of domains, including health prevention behaviours. In this study, gender differences in mask wearing were recorded at three locations on a University campus (n = 1,435). Logistic regression and Bayes Factor analyses demonstrated that the data do not support a gender difference in mask wearing. This led us to supplement our findings with a mini-meta-analyis, synthesising the gender difference reported in ten papers (n = 73,493) observing mask wearing during the COVID-19 pandemic. This analysis is supportive of a weak effect whereby women are more inclined to wear a mask than men (OR = 1.54, 95 CI = 1.26 to 1.88). However, the mini-meta-analysis also suggested a considerable amount of heterogeneity. Our research calls for further work assessing the factors explaining this heterogeneity in the observed gender difference in mask wearing.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Risk Taking; Observation; Health behaviour; COVID-19; Gender
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2022 12:28
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2022 12:30
URI: https://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/50569

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