High Dose of Acute Normobaric Hypoxia Does Not Adversely Affect Sprint Interval Training, Cognitive Performance and Heart Rate Variability in Males and Females

Karayigit, Raci, Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo, Yasli, Burak Caglar, Gabrys, Tomasz, Benesova, Daniela and Esen, Ozcan (2022) High Dose of Acute Normobaric Hypoxia Does Not Adversely Affect Sprint Interval Training, Cognitive Performance and Heart Rate Variability in Males and Females. Biology, 11 (10). p. 1463. ISSN 2079-7737

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Although preliminary studies suggested sex-related differences in physiological responses to hypoxia, the effects of sex on sprint interval training (SIT) performance in different degrees of hypoxia are largely lacking. The aim of this study was to examine the acute effect of different doses of normobaric hypoxia on SIT performance as well as heart rate variability (HRV) and cognitive performance (CP) in amateur-trained team sport players by comparing potential sex differences. In a randomized, double-blind, crossover design, 26 (13 females) amateur team-sport (football, basketball, handball, rugby) players completed acute SIT (6 × 15 s all-out sprints, separated with 2 min active recovery, against a load equivalent to 9% of body weight) on a cycle ergometer, in one of four conditions: (I) normoxia without a mask (F iO 2: 20.9%) (CON); (II) normoxia with a mask (F iO 2: 20.9%) (NOR); (III) moderate hypoxia (F iO 2: 15.4%) with mask (MHYP); and (IV) high hypoxia (F iO 2: 13.4%) with mask (HHYP). Peak (PPO) and mean power output (MPO), HRV, heart rate (HR), CP, capillary lactate (BLa), and ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) pre- and post-SIT were compared between CON, NOR, MHYP and HHYP. There were no significant differences found between trials for PPO (p = 0.55), MPO (p = 0.44), RPE (p = 0.39), HR (p = 0.49), HRV (p > 0.05) and CP (response accuracy: p = 0.92; reaction time: p = 0.24). The changes in MP, PP, RPE, HR, CP and HRV were similar between men and women (all p > 0.05). While BLa was similar (p = 0.10) between MHYP and HHYP trials, it was greater compared to CON (p = 0.01) and NOR (p = 0.01), without a sex-effect. In conclusion, compared to normoxia, hypoxia, and wearing a mask, have no effect on SIT acute responses (other than lactate), including PP, MP, RPE, CP, HR, and cardiac autonomic modulation either in men or women.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Information: Published with the financial support of the European Union, as part of the project entitled development of capacities and environment for boosting the international, intersectoral and interdisciplinary cooperation at UWB, project reg. No.CZ.02.2.69/0.0/0.0/18_054/0014627.
Uncontrolled Keywords: altitude, high-intensity interval training, human physical conditioning, sex
Subjects: C500 Microbiology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2022 13:55
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2022 14:00
URI: https://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/50643

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