Safeguarding Imperiled Biodiversity and Evolutionary Processes in the Wallacea Center of Endemism

Struebig, Matthew, Aninta, Sabhrina, Beger, Maria, Bani, Alessia, Barus, Henry, De Brauwer, Maarten, Diele, Karen, Djakiman, Cilun, Djamaluddin, Rignolda, Drinkwater, Rosie, Dumbrell, Alex, Evans, Darren, Fusi, Marco, Leonel Herrera Alsina, Leonel, Jompa, Jamaluddin, Juliandi, Berry, Limmon, Gino, Lindawati, Lindawati, Lo, Michaela, Lupiyaningdyah, Pungki, McCannon, Molly, Meijaard, Erik, Mitchell, Simon, Mumbunan, Sonny, O'Connell, Darren, Papadopulos, Alex, Rahajoe, Joeni, Rosaria, Rosaria, Rugayah, Titik, Rustiami, Himmah, Salzmann, Ulrich, Sheherazade, Sheherazade, Sudiana, I Made, Sukara, Endang, Tjoa, Aiyen, Trethowan, Liam, Trianto, Agus, Utteridge, Tim, Voigt, Maria, Winarni, Nurul, Zakaria, Zuliyanto, Supriatna, Jatna, Davies, Zoe, Frantz, Laurent, Osborne, Owen, Brace, Selina, Lancaster, Lesley, Edwards, David, Tasirin, Johny, Iskandar, Djoko, Rossiter, Stephen and Travis, Justin (2022) Safeguarding Imperiled Biodiversity and Evolutionary Processes in the Wallacea Center of Endemism. BioScience, 72 (11). pp. 1118-1130. ISSN 0006-3568

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Wallacea-the meeting point between the Asian and Australian fauna-is one of the world's largest centers of endemism. Twenty-three million years of complex geological history have given rise to a living laboratory for the study of evolution and biodiversity, highly vulnerable to anthropogenic pressures. In the present article, we review the historic and contemporary processes shaping Wallacea's biodiversity and explore ways to conserve its unique ecosystems. Although remoteness has spared many Wallacean islands from the severe overexploitation that characterizes many tropical regions, industrial-scale expansion of agriculture, mining, aquaculture and fisheries is damaging terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, denuding endemics from communities, and threatening a long-term legacy of impoverished human populations. An impending biodiversity catastrophe demands collaborative actions to improve community-based management, minimize environmental impacts, monitor threatened species, and reduce wildlife trade. Securing a positive future for Wallacea's imperiled ecosystems requires a fundamental shift away from managing marine and terrestrial realms independently. [Abstract copyright: © The Author(s) 2022. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Institute of Biological Sciences.]

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: evolution, tropical ecosystems, conservation, applied ecology, interdisciplinary science
Subjects: C200 Botany
F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2022 11:13
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2022 11:15

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