Entropy Generation of Graphene Nanoplatelets in Micro and Mini Channels: Nanofluid Flow in Automotive Cooling Applications

Ajuka, Luke O., Ikumapayi, Omolayo M. and Akinlabi, Esther (2022) Entropy Generation of Graphene Nanoplatelets in Micro and Mini Channels: Nanofluid Flow in Automotive Cooling Applications. International Journal of Heat and Technology, 40 (4). pp. 917-926. ISSN 0392-8764

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.18280/ijht.400408


The present study examines the entropy generation of graphene nanoplatelet (GnP) suspended in different basefluids, theoretically. GnP in water (W), ethylene glycol (EG) and ethylene glycol- water (EGW, 1:1) was examined under laminar flow state in a unit length mini and micro-channel of 3mm and 0.05mm diameter. The coefficient of conductivity (Ck) and viscosity (Cμ) of the nanofluid were determined from experimental analysis and their order of magnitude were established for analysis of entropy generation in mini and micro-channels. Entropy generation by fluid friction (Sgen, ff) in the channels containing EG was higher than with W and EGW by 75.6% and 79.9%, respectively. Thermal irreversibility (Sgen, th) of W was lower by132.9% and 58.2% compared to EG and EGW. Sgen,th in all the fluids decreased with increased solid volume fraction in minichannels, while, Sgen,ff increased with increase in volume fraction for micro-channels. Total entropy generation (Sgen, tot) of water was lower by 75.6% and higher by 64.8% compared to EG and EGW, respectively in a micro-channel, whereas Sgen, tot of water was lower by 123.7% and 38.4% compared to EG and EGW, respectively. As GnP volume fraction was increased in the basefluids, entropy generation ratio decreased, highlighting the positive influence of thermal properties of the nanofluid. A lower Bejan number for water (Bew), 36.8% and 358.9% were observed compared to EG and EGW in microchannel, whereas Bew was lower by 3.8% and 13.8% when compared to EG and EGW nanofluids in the mini channel.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: graphene nanoplatelet, nanofluid, laminar flow, entropy generation, mini-channel, microchannel
Subjects: H800 Chemical, Process and Energy Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2022 15:30
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2022 15:30
URI: https://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/50782

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