Differentiating acute from chronic insomnia with machine learning from actigraphy time series data

Rani, S., Shelyag, S., Karmakar, C., Zhu, Ye, Fossion, R., Ellis, Jason, Drummond, S. P. A. and Angelova, M. (2022) Differentiating acute from chronic insomnia with machine learning from actigraphy time series data. Frontiers in Network Physiology, 2. p. 1036832. ISSN 2674-0109

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3389/fnetp.2022.1036832


Acute and chronic insomnia have different causes and may require different treatments. They are investigated with multi-night nocturnal actigraphy data from two sleep studies. Two different wrist-worn actigraphy devices were used to measure physical activities. This required data pre-processing and transformations to smooth the differences between devices. Statistical, power spectrum, fractal and entropy analyses were used to derive features from the actigraphy data. Sleep parameters were also extracted from the signals. The features were then submitted to four machine learning algorithms. The best performing model was able to distinguish acute from chronic insomnia with an accuracy of 81%. The algorithms were then used to evaluate the acute and chronic groups compared to healthy sleepers. The differences between acute insomnia and healthy sleep were more prominent than between chronic insomnia and healthy sleep. This may be associated with the adaptation of the physiology to prolonged periods of disturbed sleep for individuals with chronic insomnia. The new model is a powerful addition to our suite of machine learning models aiming to pre-screen insomnia at home with wearable devices.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: acute insomnia, chronic insomnia, actigraphy, machine learning, insomnia detection, dynamical features, sleep parameters
Subjects: C800 Psychology
G400 Computer Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2022 11:55
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2022 12:00
URI: https://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/50873

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