Speech Illusions in People at Clinical High Risk for Psychosis Linked to Clinical Outcome

Hird, Emily J, Ohmuro, Noriyuki, Allen, Paul, Moseley, Peter, Kempton, Matthew J, Modinos, Gemma, Sachs, Gabriele, van der Gaag, Mark, de Haan, Lieuwe, Gadelha, Ary, Bressan, Rodrigo, Barrantes-Vidal, Neus, Ruhrmann, Stephan, Catalan, Ana, McGuire, Philip, Valmaggia, Lucia R, Kempton, Matthew J, Calem, Maria, Tognin, Stefania, Modinos, Gemma, de Haan, Lieuwe, van der Gaag, Mark, Velthorst, Eva, C. Kraan, Tamar, van Dam, Daniella S, Burger, Nadine, Nelson, Barnaby, McGorry, Patrick, Paul Amminger, Günter, Pantelis, Christos, Politis, Athena, Goodall, Joanne, Riecher-Rössler, Anita, Borgwardt, Stefan, Rapp, Charlotte, Ittig, Sarah, Studerus, Erich, Smieskova, Renata, Bressan, Rodrigo, Gadelha, Ary, Brietzke, Elisa, Asevedo, Graccielle, Asevedo, Elson, Zugman, Andre, Barrantes-Vidal, Neus, Domínguez-Martínez, Tecelli, Torrecilla, Pilar, Kwapil, Thomas R, Monsonet, Manel, Hinojosa, Lídia, Kazes, Mathilde, Daban, Claire, Bourgin, Julie, Gay, Olivier, Mam-Lam-Fook, Célia, Krebs, Marie-Odile, Nordholm, Dorte, Randers, Lasse, Krakauer, Kristine, Glenthøj, Louise, Glenthøj, Birte, Nordentoft, Merete, Ruhrmann, Stephan, Gebhard, Dominika, Arnhold, Julia, Klosterkötter, Joachim, Sachs, Gabriele, Lasser, Iris, Winklbaur, Bernadette, Delespaul, Philippe A, Rutten, Bart P, van Os1, Jim and McGuire, Philip (2023) Speech Illusions in People at Clinical High Risk for Psychosis Linked to Clinical Outcome. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 49 (2). pp. 339-349. ISSN 0586-7614

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbac163


BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS: Around 20% of people at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis later develop a psychotic disorder, but it is difficult to predict who this will be. We assessed the incidence of hearing speech (termed speech illusions [SIs]) in noise in CHR participants and examined whether this was associated with adverse clinical outcomes.

STUDY DESIGN: At baseline, 344 CHR participants and 67 healthy controls were presented with a computerized white noise task and asked whether they heard speech, and whether speech was neutral, affective, or whether they were uncertain about its valence. After 2 years, we assessed whether participants transitioned to psychosis, or remitted from the CHR state, and their functioning.

STUDY RESULTS: CHR participants had a lower sensitivity to the task. Logistic regression revealed that a bias towards hearing targets in stimuli was associated with remission status (OR = 0.21, P = 042). Conversely, hearing SIs with uncertain valence at baseline was associated with reduced likelihood of remission (OR = 7.72. P = .007). When we assessed only participants who did not take antipsychotic medication at baseline, the association between hearing SIs with uncertain valence at baseline and remission likelihood remained (OR = 7.61, P = .043) and this variable was additionally associated with a greater likelihood of transition to psychosis (OR = 5.34, P = .029).

CONCLUSIONS: In CHR individuals, a tendency to hear speech in noise, and uncertainty about the affective valence of this speech, is associated with adverse outcomes. This task could be used in a battery of cognitive markers to stratify CHR participants according to subsequent outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: The European Network of National Schizophrenia Networks Studying Gene Environment Interactions (EU-GEI) Project is funded by grant agreement HEALTH-F2- 2010-241909 (Project EU-GEI) from the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme. Additional support was provided by a Medical Research Council Fellowship to M Kempton (grant MR/J008915/1), and by the Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación e Universidades to N Barrantes-Vidal (project PSI2017-87512-C2-1-R).
Uncontrolled Keywords: signal-detection, white noise task, uncertainty, remission, transition
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2023 15:05
Last Modified: 18 May 2023 10:45
URI: https://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/51051

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