Walking alone or walking together: A spatial evaluation of children’s travel behavior to school

Ryberczyk, Greg, Ozbil Torun, Ayse, Yesiltepe, Demet and Argin, Gorsev (2023) Walking alone or walking together: A spatial evaluation of children’s travel behavior to school. Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science. ISSN 2399-8083 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1177/23998083231161612


The purpose of this research is to extend our understanding of children’s walking behavior to school in an understudied region of the world, Istanbul, Turkey. Children (aged 11-17) and their parents were surveyed to comprehend subjective and objective factors on walking behavior to school when alone or with someone. Using participatory mapping and GIS, a route detour index was first created to highlight differences in walking behaviors. A robust spatial analysis, consisting of spatial statistics and a hierarchical spatial error model, then signified important survey responses, urban design factors from space syntax, and neighborhood composition and contextual variables on between-group route choices. Empirical and geovisual analysis confirmed that accompanied children deviated more from GIS shortest routes to school than their unaccompanied peers and “hot-spot” analysis showed it was dependent on where children reside. The spatial error models exhibited notable relations among route choice, children’s age, health, and gender. Parent attitudes concerning greenspace positively affected children’s longer route choices, while street connectivity had the opposite influence. Surprisingly, neighborhood walkability did not impact children’s route choice decisions for either group. The results provide new insights on how to encourage additional walking trips to school.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This work was supported by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK), grant number 113K796.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Children’s active school travel, walking, GIS, route detour, space syntax, spatial regression, public health
Subjects: K900 Others in Architecture, Building and Planning
L700 Human and Social Geography
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Architecture and Built Environment
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2023 11:01
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2023 11:00
URI: https://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/51480

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