A comparative in situ decomposition study using still born piglets and leaf litter from a deciduous forest

Olakanye, Ayodeji, Nelson, Andrew and Ralebitso-Senior, T. Komang (2017) A comparative in situ decomposition study using still born piglets and leaf litter from a deciduous forest. Forensic Science International, 276. pp. 85-92. ISSN 0379-0738

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2017.04.024

Abstract

A cadaver and dead plant organic matter, or litter, are rich energy sources that undergo a complex decomposition process, which impact the surrounding environmental microbiota. Advances in molecular microbiology techniques, with study of the 16S RNA genes, in particular, have highlighted the application of forensic ecogenomics in addressing key knowledge gaps. To investigate subsurface microbiome shifts as a novel tool to establish “postmortem microbial clock” and augment postmortem interval (PMI) and time-since-burial estimations, an in situ study with triplicate underground burials of piglets as human taphonomic proxies and Quercus robur leaf litter was monitored for 270 days. Changes in microbial community structure and composition were related directly to changes in seasonal temperature, with microbial shifts more pronounced during the summer. For example, Methylococcaceae could be used as seasonal bacterial indicators, from winter to summer, in establishing postmortem microbial clock for this site. Furthermore, Methylophilaceae (Methylophilales order) and Anaerolineaceae would differentiate for the piglet and leaf litter soils, respectively, 180 days after internment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cadaver, forensic ecogenomics, leaf litter, piglets, postmortem, soil microbiota
Subjects: F400 Forensic and Archaeological Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Ay Okpokam
Date Deposited: 31 May 2017 10:00
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2017 04:48
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/30903

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