Adding fish oil to whey protein, leucine and carbohydrate over a 6 week supplementation period attenuates muscle soreness following eccentric exercise in competitive soccer players

Philpott, Jordan, Donnelly, Chris, Walshe, Ian, Dick, James, Galloway, Stuart, Tipton, Kevin and Witard, Oliver (2017) Adding fish oil to whey protein, leucine and carbohydrate over a 6 week supplementation period attenuates muscle soreness following eccentric exercise in competitive soccer players. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. ISSN 1526-484X (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2017-0161

Abstract

Soccer players often experience eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage given the physical demands of soccer match-play. Since long chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3PUFA) enhance muscle sensitivity to protein supplementation, dietary supplementation with a combination of fish oil-derived n-3PUFA, protein and carbohydrate may promote exercise recovery. This study examined the influence of adding n-3PUFA to a whey protein, leucine and carbohydrate containing beverage over a 6 week supplementation period on physiological markers of recovery measured over 3 days following eccentric exercise. Competitive soccer players were assigned to one of three conditions (2 × 200mL): FO (n=10) contained n-3PUFA (1100mg DHA/EPA – approx. 550mg DHA, 550mg EPA), whey protein (15g), leucine (1.8g) and carbohydrate (20g); PRO (n=10) contained whey protein (15g), leucine (1.8g) and carbohydrate (20g) and CHO (n=10) contained carbohydrate (24g). Eccentric exercise consisted of unilateral knee extension/flexion contractions on both legs separately. Maximal force production was impaired by 22% during the 72 hour recovery period following eccentric exercise (p<0.05). Muscle soreness, expressed as AUC during 72 hour recovery, was less in FO (1948±1091 mm×72 h) than PRO (4640±2654 mm×72h, p<0.05) and CHO (4495±1853 mm×72h p=0.10). Blood concentrations of creatine kinase, expressed as AUC, were ~60% lower in FO compared to CHO (p<0.05) and tended to be lower (~39%, p = 0.07) than PRO. No differences in muscle function, soccer performance or blood c-reactive protein concentrations were observed between groups. In conclusion, the addition of n-3PUFA to a beverage containing whey protein, leucine and carbohydrate ameliorates the increase in muscle soreness and blood concentrations of creatine kinase following eccentric exercise in competitive soccer players.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, muscle damage, muscle recovery, soccer performance
Subjects: B400 Nutrition
C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Ian Walshe
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2017 07:54
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2017 13:19
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/31755

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