Dielectric relaxation, lattice dynamics and polarization mechanisms in Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-based lead-free ceramics

Viola, Giuseppe, Ning, Huanpo, Wei, Xiaojong, Deluca, Marco, Adomkevicius, Arturas, Khaliq, Jibran, Reece, Michael and Yan, Haixue (2013) Dielectric relaxation, lattice dynamics and polarization mechanisms in Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-based lead-free ceramics. Journal of Applied Physics, 114 (1). 014107. ISSN 0021-8979

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4812383

Abstract

In 0.95[0.94Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-0.06BaTiO3]-0.05CaTiO3 ceramics, the temperature TS (dielectric permittivity shoulder at about 125 °C) represents a transition between two different thermally activated dielectric relaxation processes. Below TS, the approximately linear decrease of the permittivity with the logarithm of frequency was attributed to the presence of a dominant ferroelectric phase. Above TS, the permittivity shows a more complicated dependence of the frequency and Raman modes indicate a sudden increase in the spatial disorder of the material, which is ascribed to the presence of a nonpolar phase and to a loss of interaction between polar regions. From 30 to 150 °C, an increase in the maximum polarization with increasing temperature was related to three possible mechanisms: polarization extension favoured by the simultaneous presence of polar and non-polar phases; the occurrence of electric field-induced transitions from weakly polar relaxor to ferroelectric polar phase; and the enhanced polarizability of the crystal structure induced by the weakening of the Bi-O bond with increasing temperature. The occurrence of different electric field induced polarization processes with increasing temperature is supported by the presence of additional current peaks in the current-electric field loops.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: polarisation, polarization, permittivity, electric fields, domain wals, ceramics
Subjects: F100 Chemistry
F200 Materials Science
F300 Physics
H100 General Engineering
J300 Ceramics and Glasses
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Jibran Khaliq
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2017 09:46
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2017 09:46
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/31928

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