In vitro approaches to assess the effects of açai (Euterpe oleracea) digestion on polyphenol availability and the subsequent impact on the faecal microbiota

Alqurashi, Randah M., Alarifi, Sehad N., Walton, Gemma E., Costabile, Adele F., Rowland, Ian R. and Commane, Daniel M. (2017) In vitro approaches to assess the effects of açai (Euterpe oleracea) digestion on polyphenol availability and the subsequent impact on the faecal microbiota. Food Chemistry, 234. pp. 190-198. ISSN 0308-8146

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2017.04.164

Abstract

A considerable proportion of dietary plant-polyphenols reach the colon intact; determining the effects of these compounds on colon-health is of interest. We hypothesise that both fibre and plant polyphenols present in açai (Euterpe oleracea) provide prebiotic and anti-genotoxic benefits in the colon. We investigated this hypothesis using a simulated in vitro gastrointestinal digestion of açai pulp, and a subsequent pH-controlled, anaerobic, batch-culture fermentation model reflective of the distal region of the human large intestine. Following in vitro digestion, 49.8% of the total initial polyphenols were available. In mixed-culture fermentations with faecal inoculate, the digested açai pulp precipitated reductions in the numbers of both the Bacteroides-Prevotella spp. and the Clostridium-histolyticum groups, and increased the short-chain fatty acids produced compared to the negative control. The samples retained significant anti-oxidant and anti-genotoxic potential through digestion and fermentation. Dietary intervention studies are needed to prove that consuming açai is beneficial to gut health.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Açai pulp; Simulated in vitro digestion; Gut microbiota; DNA genotoxicity; Phenolic compounds
Subjects: B400 Nutrition
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2018 08:58
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2018 09:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/35185

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