A whole life cycle performance-based ECOnomic and ECOlogical assessment framework (ECO2) for concrete sustainability

Hafez, Hisham, Kurda, Rawaz, Al-Ayish, Nadia, Garcia-Segura, Tatiana, Cheung, Wai Ming and Nagaratnam, Brabha (2021) A whole life cycle performance-based ECOnomic and ECOlogical assessment framework (ECO2) for concrete sustainability. Journal of Cleaner Production, 292. p. 126060. ISSN 0959-6526

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.126060


Concrete is the primary building material worldwide with a substantial impact on the built environment sustainability. Hence, it is necessary to assess concrete’s combined functionality, economic and environmental impact. In this paper, two concrete sustainability assessment frameworks, MARS-SC and CONCRETop, were studied. Building on the identified gaps, a new framework, ECO2 was developed. ECO2 is a multi-criteria decision analysis framework that accounts for carbon sequestration of concrete, impact allocation of raw materials, and the impact from the use and end-of-life phases. Hence, it could be used to optimize the proportions of a concrete mix based on a user-defined sustainability objective. A case study concluded that, due to the whole life cycle scope, the environmental impact calculated through ECO2 is 20% higher than that by MARS-SC and CONCRETop. In case of reinforced concrete, where service life requirements are different, the ranking of the alternatives according to ECO2 will significantly change comparatively.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding information: This work is funded by the Faculty of Engineering and Environment’s research development fund (RDF) at Northumbria University, UK.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Concrete, Sustainability, Life Cycle Assessment, MCDA, Framework
Subjects: H200 Civil Engineering
H300 Mechanical Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2021 10:58
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2022 03:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/45333

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