Diet, Physical Activity and Gestational Weight Gain Patterns among Pregnant Women Living with Obesity in the North East of England: The GLOWING Pilot Trial

Heslehurst, Nicola, Flynn, Angela C., Ngongalah, Lem, McParlin, Catherine, Dalrymple, Kathryn V., Best, Kate E., Rankin, Judith and McColl, Elaine (2021) Diet, Physical Activity and Gestational Weight Gain Patterns among Pregnant Women Living with Obesity in the North East of England: The GLOWING Pilot Trial. Nutrients, 13 (6). p. 1981. ISSN 2072-6643

[img]
Preview
Text
nutrients-13-01981.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0.

Download (339kB) | Preview
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13061981

Abstract

Maternal diet, physical activity (PA) behaviours, and gestational weight gain (GWG) are important for optimum health of women and their babies. This secondary analysis of the GLOWING pilot cluster trial explored these among women living with obesity in high deprivation. Pregnant women completed food frequency, PA and psychosocial questionnaires. Weights were retrieved from medical records and measured during routine appointments with midwives. Descriptive and regression analyses were stratified by obesity class. A total of 163 women were recruited; 54.0% had class 1 obesity, 25.8% class 2, 20.2% class 3, and 76.1% lived in the two most deprived quintiles. Women had suboptimal dietary intake, particularly for oily fish, fruit and vegetables. PA was predominantly light intensity, from household, care and occupational activities. Most women gained weight outside of Institute of Medicine (IOM) guideline recommendations (87.8%); women in class 3 obesity were most likely to have inadequate GWG below IOM recommendations (58.3%, p 0.01) and reduced odds of excessive GWG compared with class 1 (AOR 0.13, 95% 0.04–0.45). Deprived women with obesity have a double inequality as both increase pregnancy risks. This population requires support to meet guideline recommendations for diet, PA and GWG. Further research exploring obesity classes would inform policies and care to achieve the best pregnancy outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: pregnancy, obesity; diet, physical activity, gestational weight gain, deprivation
Subjects: A100 Pre-clinical Medicine
B400 Nutrition
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Nursing, Midwifery and Health
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2021 08:34
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2021 08:45
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/46421

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics