The Effect of Afterbody Geometry on Passenger Vehicles in Platoon

Ebrahim, Hesham and Dominy, Robert (2021) The Effect of Afterbody Geometry on Passenger Vehicles in Platoon. Energies, 14 (22). p. 7553. ISSN 1996-1073

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It is well known that platoons of closely spaced passenger cars can reduce their aerodynamic drag yielding substantial savings in energy consumption and reduced emissions as a system. Most published research has focused on platoons of identical vehicles which can arguably be justified by some evidence that geometric variety has little to no effect on the overall flow characteristics in platoons of three vehicles or more. It is known that much of the aerodynamic benefit from platooning is gained by the leading two cars, so operating as vehicle pairs could potentially achieve similar environmental benefits whilst addressing many of the practical challenges associated with the safe operation of long platoons on public roads. However, it has been reported that unlike long platoons, the effect of geometry and arrangement is critical if the drag reduction of a pair is to be optimised. This paper describes a parametric study based on three geometric variants of the popular DrivAer model with different combinations and spacings. It is confirmed that vehicle geometry crucially affects the results with the best combinations matching those of long platoons and others creating a net drag increase.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: DrivAer model; platoon aerodynamics; platoons; bluff body aerodynamics; vehicles in convoy; drag reduction; electric vehicles aerodynamics; aerodynamics
Subjects: H300 Mechanical Engineering
H400 Aerospace Engineering
H800 Chemical, Process and Energy Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2021 10:17
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2021 10:30

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