Routine use of probiotics in preterm infants: longitudinal impact on the microbiome and metabolome

Abdulkadir, Bashir, Nelson, Andrew, Skeath, Tom, Marrs, Emma, Perry, John, Cummings, Stephen, Embleton, Nicholas, Berrington, Janet and Stewart, Christopher (2016) Routine use of probiotics in preterm infants: longitudinal impact on the microbiome and metabolome. Neonatology, 109 (4). pp. 239-247. ISSN 1661-7800

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Objective - Probiotics are live microbial supplements that colonize the gut and potentially exert health benefit to the host. We aimed to determine the impact of probiotic (Infloran®: Lactobacillus acidophilus-NCIMB701748 and Bifidobacterium bifidum-ATCC15696) on the bacterial and metabolic function of the preterm gut while on the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and following discharge.

Patients - Stool samples (n = 88) were collected before, during, and after probiotic intake from 7 patients, along with time-matched controls from 3 patients. Samples were also collected following discharge home from the NICU.

Methods - Samples underwent bacterial profiling analysis by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and quantitative PCR (qPCR), as well as metabolomics profiling using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LCMS).

Results - Bacterial profiling showed greater Bifidobacterium (15.1%) and Lactobacillus (4.2%) during supplementation compared to the control group (4.0% and 0%, respectively). While Lactobacillus reduced after probiotic was stopped, Bifidobacterium remained high following discharge, suggestive of successful colonisation. qPCR analysis showed a significant increase (P = <0.01) of B. bifidum in infants who received probiotic treatment compared to controls, but no significant increase was observed for L. acidophilus (P = 0.153). Metabolite profiling showed clustering based on receiving probiotic or matched controls, with distinct metabolites associated with probiotic administration.

Conclusions - Probiotic species successfully colonise the preterm gut, reducing the relative abundance of potentially pathogenic bacteria, and affecting gut functioning. Bifidobacterium (but not Lactobacillus) colonized the gut long-term; suggesting the possibility that therapeutically administered probiotics may continue to exert important functional effects on gut microbial communities in early infancy.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: A100 Pre-clinical Medicine
C500 Microbiology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Stephen Cummings
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2016 11:01
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2019 20:01

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