Crashworthiness of vehicle-to-pole collisions using a hybrid III three-year-old child dummy

Elmarakbi, Ahmed, Krznaric, Vid, Sennah, Khaled, Altenhof, William and Chapman, Michael (2013) Crashworthiness of vehicle-to-pole collisions using a hybrid III three-year-old child dummy. International Journal of Vehicle Systems Modelling and Testing, 8 (1). ISSN 1745-6436

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This paper focuses on minimising child injuries experienced during frontal vehicle-to-pole collisions by improving on the safety and energy absorption of existing traffic pole structures. A finite element computer model, using LS-DYNA software, is used to simulate crash events in order to determine the influence of pole structural and material characteristics on the injury parameters of a three-year-old child dummy occupant. Five different pole support systems and laminar traffic poles of different materials are investigated in this paper. It is concluded that the anchored base support system provides desirable crashworthy results, thus reducing fatalities and injuries resulting from vehicle impact. It is also recommended to mandate traffic protection devices in all areas with poor energy absorbing characteristics that resemble non-deformable objects.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: injury criteria, Child occupant, Crashworthiness, Finite element analysis, Luminaire support, Numerical simulations, Vehicle-pole collision
Subjects: H300 Mechanical Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2018 17:21
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 15:15

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